1. The Master said, He who rules by moral force is like the
pole-star, which remains in its place while all the lesser stars
do homage to it.
2. The Master said, If out of the three hundred Songs I had
to take one phrase to cover all my teaching. I would say 'Let
there be no evil in your thoughts.'
3. The Master said, Govern the people by regulations, keep
order among them by chastisements, and they will flee from
you, and lose all self-respect. Govern them by moral force,
keep order among them by ritual and they will keep their
self-respect and come to you of their own accord.
4. The Master said, At fifteen I set my heart upon learning.
At thirty, I had planted my feet firm upon the ground. At
forty, I no longer suffered from perplexities. At fifty, I knew
what were the biddings of Heaven. At sixty, I heard them
with docile ear. At seventy, I could follow the dictates of
my own heart; for what I desired no longer overstepped
the boundaries of right.
-The Analects of Confucius, Book II: Verse 1-4