5. The Master said, A country of a thousand war-chariots
cannot be administered unless the ruler attends strictly to
business, punctually observes his promises, is economical
in expenses, shows affection towards his subjects in
general, and uses the labour of the peasantry only at the
proper times of the year.
6. The Master said, A young man's duty is to behave well
to his parents at home and to his elders abroad, to be
cautious in giving promises and punctual in keeping them,
to have kindly feelings towards everyone, but seek the
intimacy of the Good. If, when all that is done, he has
any energy to spare, then let him study the polite arts.
8. The Master said, If a gentleman is frivolous, he will
lose the respect of his inferiors and lack firm grounds
upon which to build up his education. First and foremost
he must learn to be faithful to his superiors, to keep
promises, to refuse the friendship of all who are not like
him. And if he finds he has made a mistake, then he must
not be afraid of admitting the fact and amending his ways.
The Analects of Confucius Book I:5,6,8