Sunday, June 22, 2014


     "....Liberty is to faction, what air is to fire,  an ailment without which it instantly expires.  But it could not be a less folly to abolish liberty, which is essential to political life, because it nourishes faction, than it would be to with the annihilation of air, which is essential to animal life, because it imparts to fire its destructive agency."

     "The latent causes of faction are thus sown in the nature of man;  and we see them every where brought into different degrees of activity, according to the different circumstances of civil society.  A zeal for different opinions concerning religion, concerning Government and many other points, as well as speculation as of practice;  an attachment to different leaders ambitiously contending for pre-eminence and power; or to persons of other descriptions whose fortunes have been interesting to the human passions, have in turn divided mankind into parties, inflamed them with mutual animosity, and rendered them much more disposed to vex and oppress each other, then to co-operate for their common good.   So strong is this propensity of mankind to fall into mutual animosities, that where no substantial occasion presents itself, the most frivolous and fanciful distinctions have been sufficient to kindle their unfriendly passions, and excite their most violent conflicts.  But the most common and durable source of faction, has been the various and unequal distribution of property.  Those who hold, and those who are without property, have ever formed distinct interests in society.  Those who are creditors, and those who are debtors, fall under a like discrimination.  A landed interest, a manufacturing interest, a mercantile interest, a monied interest, with many lesser interests, grow up of necessity in civilized nations, and divide them into different classes, actuated by different sentiments and views.  The regulation of these various and interfering sentiments forms the principal task of modern Legislation, and involves the spirit of party and faction in the necessary and ordinary operations of Government."

-Publius, as channeled by James Madison on November 22, 1787 in The Federalist No. 10

thanks maggie's

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