Tuesday, June 1, 2021

what time is for........................

 On the other hand, when you have enough confidence to take your own time, to take your time to be present, to do the work, to engage with what’s in front of you right now, it’s a gift.

-Seth Godin, from this post

Be careful what you wish for................

       We have seen the consequences of the totalitarian alternatives in which the collective is supposed to bear the burdens of life, lay out the proper pathway, and transform the terrible world into the promised utopia.  The communists produced a worldview that was attractive to fair-minded people, as well as those who were envious and cruel.  Perhaps communism may even have been a viable solution to the problems of the unequal distribution of wealth that characterized the industrial age, if all of the hypothetically oppressed were good people and all the evil was to be found, as hypothesized, in their bourgeoisie overlords.  Unfortunately for the communists, a substantial portion of the oppressed were incapable, unconscientious, unintelligent, licentious, power mad, violent, resentful, and jealous, while a substantial proportion of the oppressors were educated, able, creative, intelligent, honest, and caring.  When the dekulakization swept through the newly established Soviet Union, it was vengeful and jealous murderers who were redistributing property, while it was the competent and reliable farmers, for the most part, from whom it was violently taken.  One unintended consequence of that "redistribution" of good fortune was the starvation of six million Ukrainians in the 1930s, in the midst of some of the most fertile land in the world.

-Jordan B. Peterson, Beyond Order:  12 More Rules For Life

Two gifts............................

 In this universe we are given two gifts:  the ability to love, and the ability to ask questions.  Which are, at the same time, the fires that warm us and the fires that scorch us.

-Mary Oliver, from her essay on Poe in Upstream

From the mind of Poe.......................................

 I AM come of a race noted for vigor of fancy and ardor of passion. Men have called me mad; but the question is not yet settled, whether madness is or is not the loftiest intelligence -- whether much that is glorious- whether all that is profound -- does not spring from disease of thought -- from moods of mind exalted at the expense of the general intellect. They who dream by day are cognizant of many things which escape those who dream only by night. In their gray visions they obtain glimpses of eternity, and thrill, in awakening, to find that they have been upon the verge of the great secret. In snatches, they learn something of the wisdom which is of good, and more of the mere knowledge which is of evil. They penetrate, however, rudderless or compassless into the vast ocean of the "light ineffable," and again, like the adventures of the Nubian geographer, "agressi sunt mare tenebrarum, quid in eo esset exploraturi."*

-Edgar Allan Poe, this being the opening paragraph to Eleonora

* [they ventured out against the sea of darkness to see what they would find]."

Saturday, May 29, 2021

Nagging.......................

 What the hell?  Kelly frowned in frustration at the traffic because he didn't know the answer, but then there were a lot of questions to which he hadn't known the answers in the last six months.  He told his mind to be quiet and watched the traffic, even though it kept up its inquiries in a nagging sort of background noise.  One's mind, after all, rarely obeys its own commands.

-Tom Clancy,  Without Remorse

On orienting the world properly...............

 

















As it is said, "Man shall not live by bread alone" (Matthew 4:4).  That is exactly right.  We live by beauty.  We live by literature.  We live by art.  We cannot live without some connection to the divine—and beauty is divine—because in its absence life is too short, too dismal, and too tragic.  And we must be sharp and awake and prepared so that we can survive properly, and orient the world properly, and not destroy things, including ourselves—and beauty can help us appreciate the wonder of Being and motivate us to seek gratitude when we might otherwise be prone to destructive resentment.

-Jordan B. Peterson, Beyond Order:  12 More Rules For Life

Actually, he did..........................

 


Life its ownself...........................

 Take a risk. If there is no risk, there is no change. No one ever got anything different by doing the same thing. Write a new destination for your life and take a step toward it.

The greatest stories ever written and the greatest battles ever fought are those between our ears. Check your perspective and perception. Leave low living at the door. Strive to live with integrity and honor.

Life can be very hard. Life can be scary. But there are no champions without challenges and no victories without battles.

-Beth Bline, as culled from this column in the Newark Advocate

Friday, May 28, 2021

Checking in with Martin Gurri......................

At bottom, all discussion of freedom is really about its restraint.  Once we move beyond the Protean cult of personality, human life becomes a balancing act between consciousness and desire, private goals and public demands, the individual and his family, his profession, his country, his culture, his God.  In this matrix of possibilities, freedom means having the opportunity to choose when to surrender freedom.  Thus the husband chooses his wife while giving up the freedom to bed others.  Similarly, the athlete chooses a tyrannical training regime to achieve automatic (but consciously learned) behaviors like the overhead smash in tennis. 

Wednesday, May 19, 2021

Nature's way......................................

 


           via

On investing competition..........................

       Frankly, there's no substitute for limited competition.  You can be a genius, but if there's a lot of competition, it won't matter.  I've spent my career trying to avoid its destructive consequences.  Competition skews people's assessment; as buyer get competitive, the demand for assets inflates prices, often beyond reason.*

-Sam Zell, Am I Being Too Subtle:  Straight Talk From A Business Rebel

*Also known as "the winner's curse"

the pursuit.............................

"What is a truly reliable source of positive emotion?"  The answer is that people experience positive emotion in relationship to the pursuit of a valuable goal.  Imagine you have a goal.  You aim at something.  You develop a strategy in relationship to that aim, and then you implement it.  And then, as you implement the strategy, you observe that it is working.  That is what produces the most reliable positive emotion. . . .

     This implies something crucial:  no happiness in the absence of responsibility.  No valuable and valued goal, no positive emotion.

-Jordan B. Peterson, Beyond Order:  12 More Rules For Life

Monday, May 17, 2021

the extraordinary.................

      No one has yet made a list of places where the extraordinary may happen and where it may not.  Still, there are indications.  Among crowds, in drawing rooms, among easements and comforts and pleasures, it is seldom seen.  It likes the out-of-doors.  It likes the concentrating mind.  It likes solitude.  It is more likely to stick to the risk-taker than the ticket-taker.  It isn't that it would disparage comforts, or the set routines of the world, but that its concern is directed to another place.  Its concern is the edge, and the making of a form out of the formlessness that is beyond the edge.

Mary Oliver, Upstream

 


playground lessons..............................

 It was the classic new-boy situation.  I was teased and taunted, and the hazing went on during most of the day.  I finally turned to the biggest of my tormentors and said, "All right, meet me outside."  Everybody knew there was going to be a fight.  When school was dismissed, a gang of kids was milling around by the steps of the back yard, waiting.  My opponent was waiting too.  I was frightened, but there was nothing to do about it.  I took off my coat and started running down the stairs at my enemy.  My seeming eagerness must have startled him, for I noticed that he wilted just a bit.  The fact is, I was expecting to get knocked down and was rushing in to get it over with, but when I saw him flinch, I gained new courage.  He gave up after one or two punches.  This minor incident was soon forgotten by almost everyone but me; it taught me a lesson that later applied in business every bit as  much as it did on a high-school playground:  If you show hesitancy or fear, you may already be half-defeated.  If you put on a bold front, and fight with everything you have, you can win.  Moreover, once you have won a few battles, you are usually left alone:  in the jungle, no animal thoughtlessly attacks the lion.

-William Zeckendorf, Zeckendorf; The autobiography of the man who played a real-life game of Monopoly and won the largest real estate empire in history

Sunday, May 16, 2021

the adoption of responsibility...........................

      If you want to become invaluable in the workplace—in any community—just do the useful things no one else is doing. . . .

      You might object, "Well, I could not manage to take on something that important."  What if you began to build yourself into a person who could?  You could start by trying to solve a small problem—something that is bothering you, that you think you could fix.  You could start by confronting the dragon of just the size that you are likely to defeat.  A tiny serpent might not have had the time to hoard a lot of gold, but there might still be some treasure to be won, along with a reasonable probability of succeeding in such a quest (and not too much chance of a fiery or toothsome death).  Under reasonable circumstances, picking up the excess responsibility is an opportunity to become truly invaluable.  An then, if you want to negotiate for a raise, or more autonomy—or more free time, for that matter—you can go to your boss and say, "Here are ten things that were crying out to be done, each of them vital, and I am now doing all of them.  If you help me out a bit, I will continue.  I might even improve.  And everything, including your life, will improve along with me."  And then, if your boss has any sense—and sometimes bosses do—then your negotiation will be successful.  This is how such things work.  And do not forget that there is no shortage of genuinely good people who are thrilled if they can give someone useful and trustworthy a hand up.  It is one of the truly altruistic pleasures of life, and its depth is not to be underestimated, or to be disregarded with cheap cynicism that masks itself as world weary wisdom.

    It appears that the meaning that most effectively sustains life is to be found in the adoption of responsibility.

-Jordan Peterson, Beyond Order:  12 More Rules For Life

Watching, always watching.......................

       If you want to get better at what you do, if you want to get better at this thing called life, you have to pay attention.  When you pay attention, you can remember what really matters, what is real and enduring, versus what is false and fleeting.  Thinking of an impartial spectator can help you know yourself and help you become a better boss, a better spouse, a better parent, a better friend.

-Russ Roberts, How Adam Smith Can Change Your Life:  An Unexpected Guide To Human Nature And Happiness

The fun of having a card trick............

 .................................................explained.

a flaw................................

      This has always been a fatal flaw in the U. S. real estate:  the volume of development has been related to the availability of funds, not to demand.  The industry has a long history of overbuilding when there's easy money, without regard for who will occupy those spaces once they're built.

-Sam Zell,  Am I Being Too Subtle:  Straight Talk From A Business Rebel

Choose wisely.........................



      Economics helps you understand that money isn't the only thing that matters in life.  Economics teaches you that making a choice means giving up something.  And economics can help you appreciate complexity and how seemingly unrelated actions and people can become entangled. . . . But life is about choices.  Getting the most out of life means choosing wisely and well.  And making choices—being aware of how choosing one road means not taking another.

-Russ Roberts, How Adam Smith Can Change Your Life:  An Unexpected Guide To Human Nature And Happiness

Created.......................

 (Although when I mentioned this to my priest friend Tom, he said you can safely assume you've created God in your own image when it turns out that God hates all the same people you do.)

-Anne Lamott, Bird By Bird:  Some Instructions On Writing And Life

Acceptance............................

 One is acceptance that an insane market doesn’t mean a broken market. Crazy is normal; beyond the point of crazy is normal. Every few years there seems to be a declaration that markets don’t work anymore – that they’re all speculation or detached from fundamentals. But it’s always been that way. People haven’t lost their minds; they’re just searching for the boundaries of what other investors are willing to believe.

-Morgan Housel, from this blog post

Nevermore.................................

 


Saturday, May 15, 2021

the essence............................



      To me, that is the essence of being an entrepreneur—to not just recognize problems but to provide solutions.

-Sam Zell

accept the strangeness...........................

      Life, for many, is a futile attempt to become secure in a dimension that is intrinsically insecure.  People constantly fight that, rather than accept the strangeness of the human lesson as a beautiful thing.  God must have a marvelous sense of humor—the contradictions of life are awesome and funny and very appealing.  I find them heroic. . . .

      Life is mostly guesswork.  You will usually guess more or less right, and sometimes you'll guess wrong.  When you guess wrong, don't react—love your mistakes and don't beat yourself up.

-Stuart Wilde, Weight Loss for the Mind

Live music is back............................

The Reissues recently presented Eric Clapton unplugged:



oh clever one................................

 When the chesty, fierce-furred bear becomes sick, he travels the mountainsides and the fields, searching for certain grasses, flowers, leaves and herbs, that hold within themselves the power of healing.  He eats, he grows stronger.  Could you, oh clever one, do this?  Do you know anything about where you live, what it offers?  Have you ever said, "Sir Bear, teach me.  I am a customer of death coming, and would give you a pot of honey and my home on the western hills to know what you know."

-Mary Oliver, Upstream

Much to be grateful for............................

 


the basics...................................

 I realized that the basics of business are straightforward.  It's largely about risk.  If you have a big downside and a small upside, run the other way. If you've got a big upside and a small downside, do the deal.  Always make sure you're getting paid for the risk you take, and never risk what you cannot afford to lose,   Keep it simple. . . . Opportunity is very often embedded in the imbalance between supply and demand.

-Sam Zell,  Am I Being Too Subtle:  Straight Talk From A Business Rebel

Opening paragraphs................................

 Five years earlier, the high school guidance counselor sat Barney Hall down and said, "Barney, you're bright enough, but you're not college material.  Not yet."  He was looking over Hall's standard test scores and other accumulated records from thirteen years in the Lower Cape May Regional School District.  "You're not mature for your age.  If you hadn't been sent to detention once a week, you wouldn't have done any studying at all."

-John Sanford, Ocean Prey

I'd have made it sixty............................

 


A few musts................................

 You must never stop being whimsical.

And you must not, ever, give anyone else the responsibility for your life.

-Mary Oliver

Thursday, April 15, 2021

One at a time...............................

   One of the most tempting questions to ask when we first learn the QBQ is "What can we do?"  The problem is "we" don't change.  Teams, departments, and organizations don't change.  People change, one at a time, through their own choices.

    I'm a firm believer in the team concept, but if we're not careful, we can end up substituting the language of teams ("we" and "us") for the language of personal accountability. . . .

     Personal accountability is not about changing others.  It's about making a difference by changing ourselves.

     Personal accountability.  The power of one.

-John G. Miller, QBQ!:  The Question Behind The Question

On changing your mind...........................

"People who are right a lot listen a lot, and they change their mind a lot.  If you don't change your mind frequently, you're going to be wrong a lot."

-Jeff Bezos

And there is a lot to be amused about...........

      If we are insecure, we make fun of others.  If we're comfortable being wrong, we're not afraid to poke fun at ourselves.  Laughing at ourselves reminds us that although we might take our decisions seriously, we don't take ourselves seriously.  Research suggests that the more frequently we make fun of ourselves, the happier we tend to be.  Instead of beating ourselves up about our mistakes, we can turn some of our past misconceptions into sources of present amusement.

-Adam Grant, Think Again

Wednesday, April 14, 2021

Highly recommended......................

 


Pursuit............................

 In the United State, the pursuit of happiness is so prized that it's one of the three unalienable rights in our Declaration of Independence.  If we are not careful, though, the pursuit of happiness can become a recipe for misery. . . .

      Still, when it comes to careers, instead of searching for the job where we'll be happiest, we might be better off pursuing the job where we expect to learn and contribute the most.

-Adam Grant,  Think Again:  The Power of Knowing What You Don't Know

The trifecta........................

 


Us pesky humans.........................

 .........always coming up with new ideas and solving the world's problems.  If the TV news leaves you fearful, turn it off.   Our lives today are far better than our ancestors could ever have hoped for.  All because of people like Angel Leon.  Remember:  always bet on the optimist.

Thanks Chris

Ah, history..........................................

 A lot of history is just gawking at how wrong, how blind, people can be. Disastrously wrong, embarrassingly blind. Millions of people, all at the same time. When you then realize that today will be considered history in a few generations … oh dear. It’s unpleasant. But also fascinating.

-Morgan Housel, from here

Friday, April 9, 2021

it has worked out............................

Joe Tex...................................................................Skinny Legs

    

As Joe Tex, one the most extroverted philosophers I have ever met, cheerfully declared, "I've enjoyed this life.  I was glad that I was able to come up out of creation and look all around and see a little bit, grass and trees and cars, fish and steaks, potatoes.  Everywhere I've gone, I can always go back, and I can always find a friend.  I don't go trying to make somebody like me, I just be me, you know, and it has worked out."

Priorities...........................

      There is a subtle art to not giving a fuck.  And though the concept may sound ridiculous and I may sound like an asshole, what I'm talking about here is essentially learning how to focus and prioritize your thoughts effectively—how to pick and choose what matters to you and what does not matter to you based on finely honed personal values.  This is incredibly difficult.  It takes a lifetime of practice and discipline to achieve.  And you will regularly fail.  But it is perhaps the most worthy struggle one can undertake in one's life.  It is perhaps the only struggle in one's life.

-Mark Manson, The Subtle Art Of Not Giving A F*uck:  A Counterintuitive Approach To Living A Good Life

The balance between supply and demand actually counts for something.................

 Just because prices are rising does not automatically make something a bubble.

-Ben Carlson, from this post on the current red-hot real estate market

a notion...........................

       There is a notion that creative people are absentminded, reckless, heedless of social customs and obligations.  It is, hopefully, true.

-Mary Oliver

The one unbreakable law.......................

 If you find yourself saying ' __________ is always good' or '_________ is always bad', you may be a member of an idea cult.  Appreciating complexity reminds us that no behavior is always effective and that all cures have unintended consequences.

-Adam Grant,  Think Again

Opening paragraphs............................

 The central premise of this book is that impossible has a formula.  Whenever we see the impossible become possible, we are witnessing the end result of a quartet of skills—motivation, learning, creativity, and flow—expertly applies and significantly amplified.

-Steven Kotler,  The Art Of Impossible

Friday, April 2, 2021

an inextricable thread.......................

Everything worthwhile in life is won through surmounting the associated negative experience.  Any attempt to escape the negative, to avoid it, to squash it, or silence it, only backfires.  The avoidance of suffering is a struggle.  The denial of failure is a failure.  Hiding what is shameful is itself a form of shame.

     Pain is an inextricable thread in the fabric of life, and to tear it out unravels everything else with it.  To try to avoid pain is to give too many fucks about pain.  In contrast, if you're able to not give a fuck about pain, you become unstoppable.

     In my life, I have given a fuck about many things.  I have also not given a fuck about many things.  And like the road not taken, it was the fucks not given that made all the difference.

-Mark Manson, The Subtle Art Of Not Giving A F*uck: A Counterintuitive Approach To Living A Good Life

History and human nature........................

 That’s usually how it works. Look at virtually any decade and you’ll see that the most important news story was something no one was talking about until the moment it occurred.

---------------------------------

It is too easy to assume that when faced with terrible circumstances people will only muster a normal response. But it’s never like that. Expectations reset, survival instincts unleash new creative juices, and people start thinking and acting in ways they wouldn’t have contemplated before the crisis.

-Morgan Housel, from this post

Thursday, April 1, 2021

Action too...................................

 "Long-range vision and strategic planning are great tools, but we need to get some things done before lunch!"

-culled from John G. Miller's QBQ!: The Question Behind The Question

Leadership............................



     The U-2 program was the game changer.   It revealed that the USSR was testing missiles but was not able yet to deploy them.

     The political problem for the administration that attached to the Sputnick "shock" rested with the fact that Eisenhower, and only a handful of other key officials, knew about the top-secret U-2 program that was capable of providing aerial surveillance of the USSR's missile installations and other military capability.

      Numerous U-2 flights since 1956 has shown Eisenhower and his small team that the Soviet Union was by no means ahead of the United States in any major category.  Given this knowledge, the president fought back attempts to remedy our vulnerabilities with crash military programs—and expenditure of more money—as the primary way to salve the nation's bruised ego.

      As Eisenhower thought about how to manage the valuable U-2 program, he was convinced that it would be a more effective means of intelligence gathering if it remained secret.  Nevertheless, the information could have removed much of the political heat the president faced; even Secretary of State John Foster Dulles encouraged him to use the U-2 information as a way to reassure the public.  But as Barry Goldwater later observed, "Ike took the heat, grinned, and kept his mouth shut."

-Susan Eisenhower, How Ike Led:  The Principles Behind Eisenhower's Biggest Decisions

      

Superpowers................................

 









more fun here

Listen...................................

 When we try to convince people to think again, our first instinct is usually to start talking.  Yet the most effective way to help others open their minds is often to listen.

-Adam Grant,  Think Again:  The Power of Knowing What You Don't Know

Wednesday, March 17, 2021

See........................

 
















     So, art is saying Stop.   It helps us to stop by putting a frame around something and makes us see it in a way we would never have seen it under normal circumstances of living, as so many of us do, on sort of automatic pilot, going through the world without really seeing much of anything. . . .

     So, to help us out of our blindness, part of what the painter is doing is saying, See what's there, not what you expect to see.  See what is really present in your life.  See yourself, see each other.

-Frederick Buechner,  The Remarkable Ordinary: How to Stop, Look, And Listen To Life

image is a copy of a Rembrandt portrait

The hardest work.....................

      The biggest challenge in the stock market is not Mr. Market or Mr. Value.  The biggest challenge is neither visible nor measurable; it is hidden in the emotional incapacities of each of us as investors.  Investing, like parenting teenagers, benefits from calm, patient persistence and a long-term perspective and constancy of purpose.  That's why "know yourself" is the cardinal rule in investing.

     The hardest work in investing is not intellectual; it's emotional.  Being rational in an emotional environment is not easy, particularly with Mr. Market always trying to trick you into making changes.  The hardest work is not figuring out the optimal investment policy; it's sustaining a long-term focus—particularly at market highs or market lows—and staying committed to your optimal investment policy.

-Charles D. Ellis,  Winning The Loser's Game:  Timeless Strategies for Successful Investing

Compelling..............................

      Each of us, when fortunate, is compelled forward by something that grips our attention—love of a person; a sport; a political, sociological, or economic problem, or a scientific question; a passion for art, literature, or drama—something that calls to us for reasons we can neither control nor understand (try to make yourself interested in something you just do not care about and see how well that works). . . . You do not choose what interests you.  It chooses you.  Something manifest itself out of the darkness as compelling, as worth living for;  following that, something moves us further down the road, to the next meaningful manifestation—and so it goes, as we continue to seek, develop, grow, and thrive.  It is a perilous journey, but it is also the adventure of our lives.

-Jordan B. Peterson,  Beyond Order:  12 More Rules For Live

Avoidance.......................

It is a sign of wisdom to avoid believing every thought that enters your mind.  It is a mark of emotional intelligence to avoid internalizing every feeling that enters your heart.

-Adam Grant,  Think Again:  The Power of Knowing What You Don't Know

The Middle Way..............................

Eisenhower said that he and his administration were determined that a fair, just, and moral America assume its responsibilities for the nation's less fortunate and for those who had been victims of racism. Ike would face heavy headwinds, especially among Democrats, whose main political base consisted of Southern whites. Still, determined to be a president for the whole country, the Middle Way was, in his view, the only prospect the United States had for sustainable social and racial progress. 

     The objective of desegregating the areas controlled by the federal government had been difficult enough to attain, and they included measures of far-reaching impact such as progressive federal court appointments and the desegregation of federal contracting. But the attitudes prevalent in individual states would be harder to tackle, and they were outside any president's jurisdiction at that time. 

     To advantageously influence local affairs, "the President had endeavored to keep the trust of both sides so that when he acted he would be supported by the public," Herbert Brownell recalled. While Eisenhower's critics later blamed him for not doing more to create a new moral climate in this country, he realized that if the whole nation were to make good on its constitutional promise, it would require bringing the whole country along. 

 -Susan Eisenhower, How Ike Led: The Principles Behind Eisenhower's Biggest Decisions


 Lest we forget, in 1957, Eisenhower both nationalized the Arkansas National Guard and sent 1,000 paratroopers from the 101st Airborne Division to enforce both order and a federal court decision mandating the desegregation of public schools.

 

The critical question.......................

 We don't make decisions in a vacuum and we can't get something for nothing.  When making choices, considering consequences can help us avoid future problems.  We must ask ourselves the critical question:  And then what?

-Farnum Street, Great Mental Models Vol. 1:  General Thinking Concepts

An attitude of equanimity...................

 Have you ever been on a cruise?  If so, you will know that when you are allowed ashore you may entertain yourself by looking around and doing some shopping, but you should always be aware of when the ship will depart, lest you end up stranded where you don't belong.

     The same goes with life.  It's fine to enjoy its pleasures and to entertain yourself a little.  But you should always keep in mind that at some time the voyage will be over, since it does not last forever.  When the time comes, be ready, and make sure you look back and do not find that you have misspent your shore leave.

     The best way to avoid this is to ask yourself from time to time what is important, and to act accordingly. . . . Cultivate, then, an attitude of equanimity toward externals.

-Massimo Pigliucci,  A Field Guide To A Happy Life:  58 Brief Lessons For Living

Sunday, March 14, 2021

The Law of Unintended Consequences.............

 ........................the one unbreakable law:

Interestingly, last year--2020--there were far fewer cars on the roads, because of social distancing, the shutdown of bars and restaurants, and the fact that many people did not commute to work at all. 

The result: MORE TRAFFIC DEATHS. People drove much more aggressively on the nearly empty roads. To be fair, the total number of accidents did in fact fall by quite a bit, as you would expect. But the severity of the accidents that did happen? That was up sharply, especially outside of cities. 

The point? Regulations have to take into account the likely response of citizens, based on expectations. You can't just twirl dials and pull levers when it comes to public policy. 

-Mike Munger, from this post


Well, it is certainly not your friend...............

 













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Can we get an Amen......................................?

 


The fine tradition of government shopping......

At the time when the early Ming emperors were stifling China’s prosperity with centralised bureaucratic tyranny, backward Europe was transformed into the world’s most innovative and wealthy continent. It did so precisely by not being unified and centralised: by being a quilt of different countries so that entrepreneurs, inventors and artists could shop around for a congenial regime, as David Hume was the first to argue. . . .

 In harmonisation lies stagnation: innovation comes from variety. Britain must not be afraid to be different: to offer alternative opportunities, smarter regulation, divergent priorities. That is not a hostile act toward the European Union: it would be good for them too. In differentiation lies the chance to experiment and find opportunities for mutual gains, mutual recognition and mutual respect.

-Matthew Ridley, from this post

Been told I need them..........................


 













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