Let us begin by asking the question of principle, namely, what should a lover of liberty wish to see done in the schools? I think the ideal but somewhat Utopian answer would be that the pupils should be qualified as far as possible to form a reasonable judgment on controversial questions in regard to which they are likely to have to act. This would require, on one hand, a training in judicial habits of thought; and, on the other hand, access to impartial supplies of knowledge. In that way the pupil would be prepared for genuine freedom of choice on becoming adult. We cannot give freedom to the child. but we can give him a preparation for freedom; and this is what education ought to do.
This, however, is not the theory of education which has prevailed in most parts of the world.
-Bertrand Russell, from his essay on John Stuart Mill